In this video, you will learn about the different fouls in basketball, both personal and due to unsporting behaviour.
In basketball, fouls are treated separately from violations. Learn how to tell the difference by checking out our video on Violations!
It's important that you know how to avoid these fouls so that you can avoid incurring penalties against your team and getting excluded from the game!
Adam Simmons - "Long Rhode Home", "Piano Hop", "Tang-A-Lang"
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In this video, you will learn how to avoid committing fouls in basketball. Penalties for a foul can be a turnover or one or more free throws.
In basketball, there are two types of foul: personal fouls and fouls related to unsporting behavior.
First, personal fouls.
Any violation committed when a player blocks, holds, pushes, charges or grabs an opponent is counted as a personal foul.
In defense, to avoid committing a foul, you have to block your opponent with the chest and stance.
The defender can move backwards or to the sides but cannot deliberately run at the opponent to make contact.
Any contact with the arms, shoulders, hips or knees can lead to a defensive foul and a penalty.
While in possession of the ball a player in attack can be sanctioned for "charging" if they try to push past a defender already in position.
As a general rule, it is the player, defending or attacking, who approaches the opponent, who is penalized for committing a foul.
If a player commits 5 fouls, they are excluded from the game.
When a foul is called, if the player isn't in the process of shooting, the ball is turned over to the other team.
However, if the player is shooting at the basket when the foul is called, they will be granted free throws. There are two possible cases:
If the shot misses, the player is granted two or three free throws depending on the value of the attempted shot.
If the shot is scored, the points are granted and the player is granted one free-throw.
If a team commits 4 fouls during the same quarter, each new foul will be penalized by two free-throws.
Secondly, fouls related to unsporting behavior.
If a player is making rough or excessive contact, the referee can call a foul for unsporting behaviour. If a player commits two of these fouls during a game, they will be sent off for the rest of the game.
The referee can also call a technical foul, in case of illegal gamesmanship or dispute for instance, or can directly exclude a player for an unsporting gesture that is clearly deliberate.
All of these fouls are penalised with one or more free throws, followed by a turnover for the opponent.
During games, be careful to avoid committing fouls as there can be heavy penalties for your team. Over to you!