How to create a raised bed

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Maija Wallace - Sikana
Maija Wallace
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In this lesson, we will teach you how to create a raised vegetable bed.

For this, you will need: a digging fork, a border spade, a hand fork, a rake and an irrigation system.

Digging Fork

Border Spade

Hand Fork

Rake

Water

First, choose a location for your growing bed.

Your pathways should be between 40 and 70 centimeters, or 1 and 2 1/2 feet wide.

These pathways will facilitate movement in the garden.

In small-scale farming, it’s common to have growing beds that are 10 square meters, or about 30 square feet.

This area creates a micro-ecosystem that

facilitates plant growth and crop planning.

Here, the bed we created is 2 meters wide and 5 meters long, or 7 feet wide and 15 feet long.

Use wooden sticks and string to mark these measurements.

If the soil is dry, water it.

The soil must have an adequate level of moisture before you can dig or weed.

It’s best to create your beds in the spring or fall when the soil is naturally moist.

To begin weeding, use the single digging technique.

Now let’s move on to the manual weeding.

Here, we have prairie soil.

This step is important since it allows you to closely observe the bed’s natural plant growth.

These plants, called bio indicators, will give you information about the soil’s structure, texture and composition.

Use a hand fork to remove all of the roots. This will also reduce the amount of regrowth.

Shake the clods to keep the soil in your garden bed.

Here, the plants we extracted are very rich and contain organic matter.

We placed them in a compost pile.

Now we will create pathways in the growing bed.

Now we will single dig and weed the pathway in order to transfer the soil into the growing bed.

Use a hand fork to weed.

The first 20 centimeters below the surface makes up the top layer of soil. This is where the organic matter is transformed into humus and plant nutrients. This layer also contains most of the soil’s beneficial insects and micro-organisms.

Use a rake to level the surface.

Your raised bed is now ready for planting.

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