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Natural disasters: Emergency Disaster Kit: First Aid. Red Cross/Red Crescent
Discover how to prepare an emergency disaster kit. - The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world’s largest volunteer-based humanitarian network, reaching 97 million people each year through its 190 member National Societies. It operates with impartiality as to nationality, race, gender, religious beliefs, class and political opinions.The French Red Cross has run the Global First Aid Reference Centre since December 2012, following an agreement signed with the IFRC. The Global First Aid Reference Centre has the primary objective of serving as a technical expertise centre for the IFRC and providing support for the member National Societies on all questions pertaining to first aid. Thanks to its engagement and the engagement of the association SIKANA Education, this first aid awareness program was created. These videos are not a substitute for formal first aid training (First Aid Certificate), and it is advisable to consult www.croix-rouge.fr if possible. Founded in 2014, Sikana Health is one of 12 programs created by the NGO SIKANA. The program works towards spreading knowledge concerning better health practices for all. From healthy eating to Music, as well as respecting Nature, Health, improving your Home, or learning a Sport, our numerous programs work towards promoting a healthier and more simple lifestyle. To discover our programs: www.sikana.tv. To help us translate and spread our videos across the world: factory.sikana.tv

In this video, you will learn how to prepare your own emergency kit specifically designed for use in a disaster.

This disaster kit will provide a family of four with 48 hours’ autonomy, until help arrives.

You should include the following items so that you can signal for help:

an SOS sign made by you for this purpose;

light sticks that can provide illumination for 6 to 12 h and be used to signal for help in the dark;

a whistle to call for help with a sound that carries further than your voice;

a flashlight, preferably crank-powered, so that you don’t have to rely on a single source of energy.

You should include the following items for illumination:


a lighter and/or waterproof matches, which you can also use to light a fire;


You should include the following items for hydration and nutrition:

A Supply of six litre-bottles of drinking water.

An empty one-litre flask for use as a container to purify non-potable water with water purification tablets.

If water is in short supply, drink small amounts.

Remember that you can survive for several days on less than half a litre a day.

Supply of non-perishable food, such as canned goods.

If you have no water, it is advisable not to eat, as this could increase dehydration!

A container with 8 litres of water for drinking and basic hygiene purposes.

Lastly, add the following items:

a box-cutter to cut wire, cardboard, etc.;

a Swiss army knife;

a waterproof pouch for essential documents, such as ID papers, insurance policies, medical prescriptions, etc., and some money;

work gloves to clear objects without hurting yourself;

bin bags for rubbish and bodily waste;

a survival blanket;

a notebook and pen to write down important information;

a radio to listen for instructions issued by the authorities;

a hygiene kit containing toilet paper and disinfectant wipes.

Don’t forget a first aid kit, which should contain:

- items required to treat an injured person;

- any specific medication required by each member of the household.

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