Now, we’re going to do shading and filling with cross-hatched lines.
As with regular lines, the less space there is between each line, the darker the shading will be.
And the more space there is, the lighter the shading will be.
For the hair, use simple lines.
These lines should be very close together in order to be dark.
For the eyes, we’ll just add a simple black dot.
For the neck, we'll draw the lines close together, since the shadow here is very dark.
The shading should follow the curve of the neck.
Here, we’ll imagine that the light is coming from above.
That means the cape will cast a shadow over the boy’s upper arm. Draw the lines a little further apart here, since this shadow is lighter than the others.
For the back of the hand, simple lines will suffice.
The shadow on the cape will be more detailed since it’s larger and has more variation and contrast.
First draw a series of parallel lines. Then go over it again the same way where the shadows are darkest.
Since the light is coming from above, the shadows will be darkest just beneath the shoulders.
Then draw lines in the other direction to emphasize the contrast.
Draw some light lines on top of the cape to show the shadows cast by the boy's head.
We’ll fill in the pattern on his shirt in the same way we filled in the hair.
Now, you need to determine where the shadows fall on the body. Here, the shadows are cast by the arms, cape, and head...
...as well as the t-shirt and shorts.
For these shadows, you should use a mix of different techniques to create different contrasts. Here, use simple vertical lines, but don't draw them too close together.
Now darken the shoes.