In this video, you will learn how to use a file in woodworking.
This video series introduces you to the bare essentials of woodworking.
Make sure you watch the remaining videos of this series to familiarize yourself with all the woodworking tools.
In this video you will learn how to use a wood file.
A file is a handtool primarily used for Smoothing and Sharping other tools, and for fine finishing wood.
The most common types of files are flat files, round files and hand files.
The coarseness of a file is described by the type of cut it is.
For example the bastard file is coarser than the second cut file.
The tools that you will need are a file, a piece of wood and a clamp.
A file has a handle and a steel bar with teeth.
lt is pretty much a rasp.
The difference between a file and a rasp are their teeth .
In a file the teeth are basically formed by alternating grooves forming a leveled teeth surface, as opposed to the individual flaps sharply jutting upwards on the rasp.
You need both hands to use a file.
Hold the handle with one hand and the edge of the steel bar with the other.
As with other cutting tools, work along the grain.
As files are of various types and in different shapes, there is more than one way to use them.
File across the clamped wood at an angle using down-pressure.
Make sure that the pressure is constant to avoid an uneven finish from a chattering file.
Again hold the file with both hands.
And now finish the wood by placing the file perpendicularly on the wood and pushing the file in one stroke across the piece.
Don't pull a file backwards directly on a workpiece.
It will permanently damage the teeth of the file.
You have now learnt to use a wood file.