In this video, you will be taught to use a bench plane in woodworking.
This is an introductory program meant to help anyone wishing to grasp the basics of woodworking.
Now that your bench plane is ready to work, learn how to use it too!
Music - Gilles B
In this video you will learn how to adjust a bench plane.
There are several adjustments on a bench plane which a woodworker needs to know.
When you plane a workpiece and no shavings come off, you can adjust the wheel behind.
Turn it clockwise to project the blade a little.
The shavings are now correct.
Check if the sole of the plane is flat with a ruler.
A very slightly concave sole is acceptable, but the sole must never be convex.
The wheel is connected to the lever on top.
You can see that when you turn the wheel, it moves the lever.
The blade and the cap iron rest on the lever and when you turn the wheel it adjusts the depth of the cut by pushing the blade forward and backward.
Raise the lever of the lever cap and pull it out.
If the lever cap doesn't come off easily, unscrew it with the hand or with the screwdriver.
The screw should not be tightened to the maximum capacity.
You can see the blade is projecting barely 2 mm from the cap iron.
With the current setting you can see the size of the thin shavings.
Loosen the screw with the lever cap and slide off the cap iron.
There could be some dust and small wood particles that could have accumulated.
Clean it with a cloth.
Pull out the blade carefully.
Make sure you do not bring your hands close to the sharp blade.
Fix the cap and the blade onto the plane.
Fix the lever cap above.
The blade is projecting much more than before.
You will now see the difference in the shavings.
As the blade is projecting too much, the plane can damage the workpiece.
Prolonged planing plaining on hard woods, can push the blade sideways out of proper alignment with the plane bottom.
The lateral adjustment lever helps realigning the blade.
When you push the lever to the right, the blade projects to the left.
When you turn the lever to the left, the blade projects to the right.
The lateral adjustment should not be used to compensate for a poorly sharpened blade.
The frog allows you to adjust the angle of the iron and also holds the blade firm in place.
Once you've removed the blade, you can loosen the frog-locking screws.
Move the frog in the required direction.
Check on the sole of the plane if the opening or the mouth has been adjusted as per your requirement.
A narrow mouth will pass fine shavings whereas a wider opening is necessary for coarse cuts.
As a general rule the average mouth opening should accomodate most planework.
Fix the blade and the cap iron back.
You can now plane the workpiece and make any necessary adjustments as per your requirement.
You have now learnt to adjsut a bench plane.